EXTREMELY RARE FIRST PRINTING of the Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent, one of the most important publications in the history of the Catholic Church; printed by Paulus Manutius and Aldus the Younger of the Aldine Press and the request of Pope Pius IV.
The Council of Trent (1545-63), was "highly important for its sweeping decrees on self-reform and for its dogmatic definitions that clarified virtually every doctrine contested by the Protestants. Despite internal strife, external dangers, and two lengthy interruptions, the council played a vital role in revitalizing the Roman Catholic Church in many parts of Europe. Pius IV confirmed the council's decrees in 1564 and published a summary of its doctrinal statements; observance of disciplinary decrees was imposed under sanctions. In short order the catechism of Trent appeared, the missal and breviary were revised, and eventually a revised version of the Bible was published. By the end of the century, many of the abuses that had motivated the Protestant Reformation had disappeared, and the Roman Catholic Church had reclaimed many of its followers in Europe" (Britannica).
Commissioned by Pius IV, Paulus Manutius of the esteemed Aldine Press traveled to Rome to produce the beautifully printed summary of the doctrines, decrees, and conclusions of the Council. With engraved initials throughout and the large familiar Aldine anchor device printed on title.
There were several printing of the Canones in 1564. This is the FIRST PRINTING, with undated privilege on verso of title, pagination in Roman numerals, and final dated leaf at page CCXXXIX.
Canones, et Decreta Sacrosancti Oecumenici, et Generalis Concilii Tridentini sub Paulo III, Iulio III, Pio IIII, Pontificibus Max. Romae: Paulum Manutium, Aldi F., 1564. Folio (210x284mm), eighteenth century full speckled calf; custom box. Small repair to head-cap. Early owner signature on title page; some underlined passages with old handwritten annotations in the margins. Early repair in a blank area of the title. Occasional foxing; mild dampstaining towards the end of the book. A large, wide-margined copy in elegant 18th-century binding. SCARCE.
Price: $25,000 .